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Satin fabric

Update:27 Aug 2018
Summary:

The satin fabric has a long floating line and the worst […]

The satin fabric has a long floating line and the worst fastness, but the texture is soft, the silk surface is smooth, the gloss is good, and the most expensive and gorgeous, so it is widely used in fabrics. The ground tissues in the flower tissues such as brocade and floral satin are all satin weave.

Satin generally refers to the side of the fabric that reflects the warp material. If the satin is used with a filament, then the shiny side is usually called satin.

Satin is different from plain and twill in that the upper jumper is longer, and the angle of the diagonal is smaller, the gloss is stronger, smoother, and more beautiful. The disadvantage is that it is easy to twist, although smooth but not soft enough.

A woven fabric structure in which adjacent tissue points on two adjacent warp or weft yarns are evenly distributed but not continuous. The satin weave is divided into two types: satin and weft. It is the most complicated of the three original organizations. The individual tissue points in the satin weave are covered by the long lines of two adjacent warp or weft yarns. The surface of the fabric is smooth and even, soft, shiny or slightly textured. Satin-woven fabrics are widely used and are often used as quilts, clothing, uppers, and upholstery.

The satin weave can be expressed in fractions. The numerator indicates the number of yarns in a tissue cycle, referred to as the number of the number; the denominator indicates the number of flying, the meridian flying number is used for the transhedral satin, and the latitudinal flying number is used for the weft satin. The number of yarns in a tissue cycle of satin is not less than 5, the number of flights should be greater than 1 and less than the number of yarns in the tissue cycle minus 1, and the number of flights and the number of tissue cycles should be prime numbers. The number of commonly used satin tissue circulation yarns is 5, 8, 12, 16, etc. The larger the number of tissue circulation yarns, the longer the yarn length on the fabric surface, the better the gloss, the softer the fabric, but the worse the fastness. .

The surface of the warp satin fabric is mostly covered by the warp length. In order to highlight the warp effect, the warp tightness must be greater than the weft tightness. Generally, the ratio of warp and weft tightness is about 5:3, for example, tribute. , satin and so on. The surface of the weft satin fabric is mostly covered by the weft length. In order to highlight the weft effect, the warp tightness must be less than the weft tightness. Generally, the ratio of warp and weft tightness is about 2:3, such as Henggong satin. .

In order to make the satin fabric soft, it is often used with less twisted yarn. The twist of the yarn has an effect on the appearance of the satin fabric. The warp of the satin warp or the weft of the weft on the fabric surface is the same as the grain direction of the fabric, and the surface gloss of the fabric is good, such as yoke satin. If the twist direction of the yarn on the cloth surface is opposite to the grain direction of the fabric structure, the surface of the satin fabric is textured, such as a straight tribute.

Many satin-changing tissues can be evolved based on satin weave. For example, adding a single or multiple tissue points around the warp or weft tissue points to form a reinforced satin weave; forming a variable satin weave structure with different numbers of flying numbers in one tissue cycle, such as six variable satin weaves, The flying number is 2, 3, 4, 4, 3, 2; extending the warp or weft tissue points to form a heavy satin weave, often used in handkerchief weaving. Satin texture combined with other tissues can form fabrics such as satin poplin and satin handkerchiefs.

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