Textile The original meaning of textile is taken from t […]
The original meaning of textile is taken from the general name of spinning and weaving, but with the continuous development and improvement of textile knowledge system and subject system, especially after the production of non-woven textile materials and three-dimensional composite weaving, the current textile is not only traditional. Hand-spinning and weaving, including non-woven technology, modern three-dimensional weaving technology, modern electrostatic nano-networking technology, etc. for garment, industrial and decorative textiles. Therefore, modern textile refers to a multi-scale structural processing technique of fiber or fiber assembly . In ancient China, textile and printing and dyeing technology had a very long history. As early as the primitive society, the ancients had learned to use local resources to make use of natural resources as raw materials for textiles and printing and to make simple hand-made textile tools in order to adapt to climate change. Clothing, airbags and curtain carpets in everyday life are the products of textile and printing technology.
Basic explanation of textile
Textile, spinning, weaving, printing and dyeing, printing... textile printing... printing pattern... weaving flowers... weaving...
"Spinning" in the word "textile", the word is from the side. “糸” means “wire” and “方” means “方国”. “糸” and “方” are combined to mean “the yarn of national unified acquisition and distribution”. The word "woven" is traditionally from the hustle and bustle. "戠" refers to the performance of the military array, which refers to the pattern of similar group gymnastics performance. The combination of "糸" and "戠" means "adding a colored silk to form a pattern during the spinning process".
Textiles are roughly divided into two processes: spinning and weaving. The origin of Chinese textiles has been passed down from the sericulture of silkworms. The archaeology found bone needles on the archaeological sites of the cavemen of the Paleolithic Age. Origin, to the Neolithic Age, invented the spinning wheel, making the wire more convenient. In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the original textile machine appeared: spinning wheel, rolling car, the jacquard machine was invented during the Han Dynasty, and the Song Dynasty was written by the Ming Dynasty Song Yingxing. Technology is incorporated into it.
China's most famous textiles are silk. The trade of silk has promoted the cultural exchanges and traffic development between the East and the West, and indirectly influenced the commercial and military affairs of the West.
In the early stage of the British Industrial Revolution, there was a factory with meticulous division of labor. However, the cotton yarn produced by 6-8 spinning companies could only supply one weaver woven cotton cloth, causing the so-called “staple shortage”. In 1765, a British weaver named James Hargreaves invented a new type of spinning machine. He named the machine with his daughter's name, the famous Jenny spinning machine. The improvement and invention of the new spinning machine led to the development of the British textile industry, which indirectly affected the future of the Indian Gandhi uncooperative movement.