Chinese machine textile originated from the spinning wh […]
Chinese machine textile originated from the spinning wheel and waist machine of the Neolithic period 5,000 years ago. Simple brakes, spinning wheels and weaving machines with traditional performances appeared in the Western Zhou Dynasty. Jacquard machines and oblique looms were widely used in the Han Dynasty. After the Tang Dynasty, Chinese textile machines became more and more perfect, which greatly promoted the development of the textile industry.
Diversification of textile raw materials
The development of ancient and modern textile processes is designed in response to textile raw materials. Therefore, raw materials play an important role in textile technology. The fibers used in textiles in the ancient world are all natural fibers, generally short fibers such as wool, hemp and cotton. For example, the fibers previously used for textiles in the Mediterranean region are only wool and linen; the Indian peninsula used cotton before. In addition to the use of these three kinds of fibers, ancient China also used a lot of long fibers - silk.
Silk is the finest, longest, and finest textile fiber among all natural fibers, and can be used to weave a variety of complex pattern jacquard fabrics. The extensive use of silk fiber has greatly promoted the progress of ancient Chinese textile technology and textile machinery, thus making silk production technology the most distinctive and representative textile technology in ancient China.