Common fabric classification and features

Update:17 Apr 2018

1, cotton Pure cotton has good air permeability, strong […]

1, cotton

Pure cotton has good air permeability, strong hygroscopicity, and comfortable wear. However, it has a prominent drawback. It is easy to wrinkle and deform after being washed and worn. But 60% cotton + 40% polyester will not wrinkle and deform easily.

Polyester/cotton usually uses 35% cotton and 65% polyester blend. Polyester and cotton fabrics are commonly referred to as "Zeliang", which not only maintains the characteristics of high strength and elastic recovery of polyester fibers, but also has the characteristics of strong moisture absorption of cotton fibers. It is easy to dye, and it is quick to dry after washing.

2, chiffon

The scientific name of "Chiffon" is called "Georges", which is also known as Qiao Qichen. It is a kind of silk fabric made from strong warp and weaving and weaving. The texture of Joe's yarn is light and transparent, and its feel is soft and elastic. The appearance is light and elegant, with good breathability and drape, and it is elegant and comfortable to wear.

3, polyester

The biggest feature of polyester is that its elasticity is stronger than that of any fiber; its strength and wear resistance are good. The fabrics woven from it not only have a 3 to 4 times higher fastness than other fibers, but are stiff, not easily deformable, and have a “free-burning”. "The beauty of the name; The disadvantage is very poor hygroscopicity, fabrics from its textile wear on the body stuffy, airtight. In addition, due to the smooth surface of the fiber, the cohesion between the fibers is poor, and the friction is often easy to lift the hair and ball.

4, cotton

The most important feature of nylon is its high strength and good abrasion resistance. Its strength and wear resistance rank first in all fibers.

The disadvantages of nylon, like polyester, are poor hygroscopicity and permeability. In a dry environment, nylon is prone to static electricity, and short fiber fabrics are also prone to fluffing and pilling. In addition, the conformability of nylon is poor, and the clothes made of nylon are not as stiff as polyester and are easily deformed. But it can carry body, is a good material for making all kinds of body-shaped shirt.

5, acrylic

Acrylic looks white, curly, fluffy, soft to the touch, resembles wool, and is often used as a substitute for wool or as a substitute for wool. It is also known as "synthetic wool."

Acrylic moisture is not good enough, but the wettability is better than wool and silk fibers. Its abrasion resistance is poor in synthetic fibers, and the ironing temperature of acrylic fibers is below 130°C.

6, Wei Lun

Vinyl is white and soft, and it is often used as a substitute for natural cotton. It is called “synthetic cotton”. Vinylon's hygroscopicity is the best in hygroscopicity of synthetic fibers. In addition, vinylon's wear resistance, light resistance, corrosion resistance are better.


The outstanding advantages of Kleenex are that it is flame-retardant, warm, lightfast, abrasion-resistant, corrosion-resistant, and durable, and its elasticity is also very good. It can make all kinds of knitwear, work clothes, blankets, filter cloth, chenille, tents, etc. Because of its good warmth, easy production and maintenance of static electricity, knitted underwear made of it has a certain effect on rheumatoid arthritis. However, due to poor dyeability, heat shrinkage limits its application. The improved method is to copolymerize with other fiber species (such as vinyl chloride) or with other fibers (such as viscose fibers) for mixed spinning.

The disadvantages of Klemonite are also outstanding, that is, its heat resistance is extremely poor.

8, linen

Flax has the characteristics of strong tensile strength, softness, good fineness, weak electrical conductivity, fast water absorption, and high expansion rate.

9, silk

Silk generally refers to silk, including mulberry silk, tussah silk, ramie silk, cassava silk and so on. Silk is known as the “Queen of Fibers” and has been favored by people of all ages for its unique charm. Silk is a protein fiber, which contains 18 kinds of amino acids that are beneficial to the human body.

Silk fiber is the only natural filament fiber that has been practically used. The silk fibers are divided into various species due to their different feeding habits. Among them, there are mulberry silk fibers formed from mulberry leaves, tussah silk fibers formed from esculent leaves, and other wild silk fibers formed from edible cassava leaves, mulberry leaves, and ramie leaves. Mulberry silk fibers and tussah silk fibers can retain the shape of the filament fibers into bundles of filament yarns. Other types of wild silk fibers can only be modified into short fibers for textile processing. Among the filament yarns formed from bundles of mulberry silk fibers and tussah silk fibers, filament yarns of mulberry silk fibers are the most important and account for most of the natural filament yarns.

10, mercerized cotton

Mercerized cotton fabric Advantages: Bright fabric color, long wash does not change color; fabric with silk fabric general luster; fabric size is relatively stable, hanging feeling better; fabric stiff, good anti-wrinkle performance, not easy pilling wrinkles.

Everyone can look at what kind of fabrics they love their clothes. ・We must maintain them separately.······