History of hand-woven textiles

Update:29 Mar 2019

The time to start textile production in various parts o […]

The time to start textile production in various parts of the world will be different sooner or later. Around 5,000 BC, the world's civilized regions have begun to produce textiles on the spot. For example, residents of the Nile Valley in North Africa use linen textiles; residents of the Yellow River and Yangtze Rivers in China use Ge and Ma textile; residents of the Indo River Basin in South Asia and the people of the Indo-Indian Republic have used cotton textiles; woolen textiles have been found in Asia Minor. The original spinning tool spinning and original weaving machine parts of this period have appeared in Hebei, Zhejiang, South Asia Indus and North Africa. Spinning is both vertical and horizontal. On the vases preserved in Greece in 550 BC, the ancient hand-spun images of wool-spun wool were used, and the ethnic minorities in southwestern China preserved the ancient crafts of vertical spinning spun yarns. In the Andean region of South America, horizontal spinning is placed on the legs for spinning.

The original loom has two types of hanging and flat paving. The two shafts of the flat loom are fixed on the ground with four stakes, called the ground loom. An image of such a loom was painted on a ceramic dish unearthed in Egypt in 4000 BC. There is also a flat weaving machine with a weaver that passes the shaft against the shaft, and the weaving shaft is tied to the waist, which is the original waist machine. An ancient original waist machine image was painted on a pottery bowl unearthed in Peru in 200 BC. The warp beam of the hanging loom is hung on the top, and the warp yarn is naturally drooped by its own weight or suspended hammer, and the weft yarn is woven in sequence. The North American Ojbwei tribe used this loom to weave sacks, called vertical weaving machines. Another narrow webbing machine uses a square or polygonal heald opening, called a heald looms. This kind of loom was found in the remains of Egypt in 900 BC and in the Scandinavian region of Northern Europe in 200 BC.

The original loom was originally used to separate the warp threads with fingers, and later changed to use the stick opening and beating. This kind of stick gradually evolved, and there is a difference in shape, thickness and function, that is, there is a division of labor (or heald), a dividing stick and a weft knife. The comprehensive collection has also evolved from one to several or a dozen to suit the needs of weaving patterns. The position is also moved from the two sets of warp yarns to the warp plane, and the heddle ring wound around the heel hangs down and one set on each of a set of warp yarns forms a hanging heddle. This type of hanging heddle and the outer frame are the heald frames that are widely used later. This early-style heald frame is also preserved on the traditional vertical loom in Guerrero, Mexico, and the Pueblo region of southwestern North America.