The original hand-made textile production has undergone […]
The original hand-made textile production has undergone a long history. There are manual textile machines consisting of prime mover parts, transmission parts and working parts, such as hand-spinning wheels, brakes, pedals. Looms, etc. Although the original textile tool spinning and original waist machine continue to be used in some areas, due to the matching of manual textile machines, advanced areas have entered the historical period of manual machine textile. Hand-woven textile machines are gradually improved through dissemination and communication. Finally, with the development of more complete working machines, technical conditions have been prepared for the transition to centralized industrial power production.
China has basically completed the matching of hand-woven machines in about 500 BC (see Chinese textile history). In ancient Egypt, linen spinning was also used. In terms of weaving machines, except for North Korea, Japan, Persia (present-day Iran) and Central Asia, progress has been slow. Unearthed in Oslo, Norway, the 9th-century heald looms were equipped with 52 pieces of wood-panel. The two-foot pedal looms were widely used in other regions around 1200 AD.
After the 16th century, European manual textile machines began to have a big improvement. In 1533, J. Jürgen of Germany made a hand-made spinning wheel equipped with a wing and a bobbin, so that the twisting and winding operations can be carried out continuously at the same time, which greatly increases the productivity of the spinning wheel. In 1764, J. Hargreaves of the United Kingdom made a vertical 8-pin Jenny spinning wheel, feeding the pre-made fiber strips with rollers, thus getting rid of the manual way of feeding the fibers. Soon, hand-operated wing-inserted roller spinning and spinning spinning machines appeared one after another.