Textile classification

Update:11 Feb 2019

According to the processing materials Cotton spinning s […]

According to the processing materials
Cotton spinning silk processing linen spinning textile fiber
Can also be divided according to the method of weaving:
Knitting woven non-woven
Chemical processing exists in all processes, but there are chemical fiber industries and dyeing and finishing industries that have the most chemical processing.
Common concepts:
1. Warp, warp, warp density - fabric length direction; the yarn is called warp yarn; its number of yarns in 1 inch is dense (warp density);
2. Weft, weft, weft density - fabric width direction; the yarn is called weft yarn, and the number of yarns in 1 inch is weft density (weft density);
3. Density - used to indicate the number of yarns per unit length of the woven fabric, generally the number of yarns within 1 inch or 10 cm. The Chinese national standard stipulates the density of the yarn within 10 cm, but the textile enterprise It is still customary to use the number of yarns within 1 inch to indicate density. As commonly seen, "45X45/108X58" indicates that the warp weft yarns are respectively 45 pieces, and the warp and weft density is 108, 58.
4. Width - the effective width of the fabric, usually used in inches or centimeters, commonly known as 36 inches, 44 inches, 56-60 inches, etc., referred to as narrow, medium and wide, respectively, above 60 inches The fabric is extra wide, which is often called wide-width fabric. Today's extra-wide fabrics can reach a width of 360 cm. The width is generally marked behind the density, such as the fabric mentioned in 3, if the width is added, it means: "45X45/108X58/60"", that is, the width is 60 inches.
5. Gram weight - the weight of the fabric is generally the weight of the square fabric weight, the weight is an important technical index of the knitted fabric, the woollen wool usually also takes the weight as an important technical indicator. The weight of denim fabric is generally expressed in "ounces (OZ)", which is the number of ounces per square yard of fabric weight, such as 7 ounces, 12 ounces of denim, and the like.
6. Yarn-dyed - Japan refers to "first dyed fabric", which refers to the process of dyeing yarn or filament first, and then weaving with colored yarn. This fabric is called "dyed fabric" and produces yarn-dyed fabric. The factories are generally called dyeing and weaving factories, such as denim, and most of the shirt fabrics are yarn-dyed fabrics.